For those who are considering a master's degree in psychology, there are many excellent career options before you. The demand for psychologists in our modern world is on the upswing: The Department of Labor Statistics (BLS) tells us that employment opportunities for psychologists will increase by 22% in the next decade.
For those who are earning an MA in psychology, the work involved will have more of a liberal arts focus. If you earn an MS, expect to be working more in research and the sciences. Whichever degree you decide up, remember that we aim to be a vital resource for all the information you need about your psychology career, which has endless possibilities.
This is due to the fact that psychology has become very important in our modern world. Let's explore why that is.
PSYCHOLOGY IN THE MODERN WORLD
In the last 30 years, there has been a major cognitive revolution in psychology. The focus of the field has become broader. Now we study not just the mental processes that we engage in from day to day, but also we delve into how meaning is grasped through our different languages and cultural practices. So today there are more scientific methods in psychological practice focused on language and culture. It has become clear that how we respond to stimuli psychologically is influenced by the language that we speak and the culture we come from.
All types of psychological practice today are focused on looking into issues related to our functioning every day, within social and cultural norms. This practical and professional application of our field is extremely important in many parts of our lives. Psychologists now work as advisors for businesses, nonprofits, government agencies, the workplace, sports teams, and they also engage in research that is of great concern for smaller populations, such as stress, dyslexia and autism.
Of course, the earlier focus in the 20th and 19th centuries on psychoanalysis and behaviorism still are important, the discipline of psychology today is developing in a way that is taking in a broader scope of perspectives than ever in human history. There is no one approach to psychology that will answer all questions, but it is a field that is extremely multifaceted and has a great impact on society today.
HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY
Psychology did not become a separate discipline until the late 1800s. However, its early history may be traced as far back as the early Greeks. In the 1600s, Rene Descartes first introduced the concept of dualism. This idea stated that the mind and the body are two distinct entities that work together to form the total human experience. In the 1850s, a psychologist in Germany named Wilhelm Wundt first used research methods to study reaction times. He published a book that explained the connections between physiology and the study of human behavior and thinking. He then opened a psychology lab in the 1870s in Germany, which was the first in the world. This opening is thought to be the true beginning of psychology as a completely distinct discipline of science.
In the early 1900s, a doctor from Austria named Sigmund Freud really overhauled the science of psychology in a big way. He proposed his new theory of personality that stressed the vitality of the unconscious mind. His work with patients in the clinical arena who had serious psychological problems led him to the belief that unconscious impulses and experiences from childhood contribute to how we behave as adults. Many of Freud's theories are viewed skeptically in modern era, but he still had a major impact on psychology.
Psychology had big changes in the early 1900s as behaviorism came to the forefront. This school of thought rejected the conscious and unconscious mind, but focused mostly on behavior that can be observed scientifically. This form of psychology had its early start with Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov. With his experiments with dogs, he showed that behaviors may be learned through associations.
Later in the 20th century, another school of thought known as humanistic psychology became very important. The main focus of this school of thought was on conscious experiences. The main founder of this branch of psychology was Carl Rogers. He believed strongly in free will and self determination. In the modern era, there is a focus on human experience, biological influences of behavior, and also, as stated earlier, the impact of culture, society and language on behavior.
THE IMPORTANCE OF A MASTER'S DEGREE IN PSYCHOLOGY
Earning a master's degree in psychology is important because you have limited career options with only your bachelor's degree. If you want to practice as a school psychologist, licensed counselor or an industrial-organizational psychologist, for example, you will need to have your master's degree. You also need at least your master's degree if you want to practice as a clinical psychologist under a senior clinical psychologist with a doctorate. If you ever want to practice on your own, your master's degree will be a stepping stone to earning your doctoral degree.
WHAT YOU WILL LEARN ON THIS SITE
You will learn about the expansive job options open to you in psychology with a master's degree, including:
- Mental health practice
- Industrial-organizational psychology
- Forensic psychology
- Education – from primary schools and secondary schools, to colleges
You also will learn about many of the fascinating psychology specializations that you can study, such as clinical psychology, counseling psychology, child development and behavior neuroscience.
MasterInPsychologyGuide.com also details over 300 colleges and universities where you can earn your master's in psychology. Also, learn about the latest news, jobs and salaries in the psychology field with a master's degree.
This site should serve only as a planning tool for you as you begin to think about earning your master's, and as you look for more information about this rewarding career. We have worked to provide you with a massive amount of informational content about master's in psychology programs and the field in general, so you can make the most informed career choice.
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